surgical approaches

Foot and Ankle

Approaches

 

Ankle

- anterior

- anterolateral

- posterolateral

 

Hindfoot

- lateral

- Ollier's

 

Anterior approach to Ankle

 

Concept

 

Between EHL and EDL

 

Indications 

- drainage of ankle joint

- ankle arthrodesis

- ORIF tibial plafond

Knee

ApproachesPosterior approach knee

 

Medial Parapatellar

Medial

Lateral

Posterior

Modified Posterior

 

Medial Parapatellar Approach

 

Indications

 

Synovectomy 

Patellectomy 

TKR

 

Technique

 

Approaches

Options

 

Anterior

- thoracotomy

- thoracoabdominal

- abdominal

 

Posterior

 

Anterior Approaches

 

C2 - T2

- anterior cervical approach

- may have to split manubrium / sternotomy for lowest levels

 

T3 - T7

- thoracotomy

- patient on side left side up to avoid veins

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